The industry leaders have recognized the option of an electric car as a promising one for Indians. The basic thing is that electric cars function at a low operating cost. Also, India’s global position is getting worst in the area of pollution. Hence, it becomes important to make electric vehicles a priority in the fight against fossil fuels and pollution.
The initial push can be seen in three-wheelers and two-wheelers but there is a need to motivate electric vehicles in the area of cars and public transportation. Despite various challenges, auto manufacturers have seen it as an untapped sector.
What is the electric car?
The car is propelled by one or more electric motors that use energy from rechargeable batteries. You can categorize electric cars into three- Solar powered, hybrid electric cars (powered by batteries and internal combustion), and battery-electric cars.
Will electric cars become popular in India?
The trend has recommended interest of people in electric cars as compared to electric two wheels and petrol/diesel cars. The industry experts believe that it is high time to adopt these vehicles. The effect of these vehicles can be seen in the metro cities where the pollution has reached the maximum level. Also, the car manufacturers are ensuring the availability of these cars in the market.
Advantages of electric cars over petrol/diesel cars
The electric cars operate at a low cost as compared to the car running on traditional internal combustion engines. Also, electric cars are quite cheaper as compared to fuel cars in terms of maintenance costs. It is beneficial for a person with high car usage. Moreover, it is cheaper to charge the battery than refueling the liquid fuel tanks. EVs also have the added advantage of drivability and performance.
Challenges in the customer adoption
Establishing new things is always challenging. The users are worried about the range and speed of EVs. Hence, a lot of education and sensitization are required to bust myths. Some of the major challenges are: charging infrastructure, creating a closed-loop, battery performance, and supply-demand gap.
Lack of battery cell production units
The primary battery cell production units are not present in India. The production units rely on imported batteries from China, Japan, Europe, and Korea.
Creating charging infrastructure
The charging infrastructure like refueling stations is not there. Also, repair and maintenance options are limited.
Increasing battery performance
The battery performance needs to be excellent and more durable than an internal combustion engine.
Establishing a closed-loop mobility ecosystem
There is a need to create a strong supply chain. Also, battery recycling stations are required to recover metals used in electrification for creating the closed-loop needed to shift to electric cars.
The future of EVs is promising in India. However, there is an urgent need to take stringent action for bridging the gap between supply and demand. Also, the infrastructure needs to be created. And the government has to motivate the consumers to buy EVs as there are many benefits of using electric cars.