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India's Relations With China Going Through ‘Very Difficult Phase’: Jaishankar

S Jaishankar, the External Affairs Minister has stated that the status of the border will define the condition of the relationship. Beijing has breached pacts not to move armed units to the border, and India's connection with China is currently in a very challenging period.

Jaishankar stated India was facing an issue with China at the Line of Actual Control during a group discussion at the Munich Security Conference (MSC) 2022 here and on Saturday.

In answer to a query from presenter Lynn Kuok, the minister stated that the border has been peaceful for 45 years, with steady border administration and no military casualties since 1975. That altered because China had agreed not to send armed units along the Line of Actual Control, or LAC and the Chinese had broken those commitments.

He went on to say that the status of the relationship would now be determined by the state of the border. That's very understandable. As a result, ties with China are at a crossroads right now.


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The Chinese and Indian forces clashed in eastern Ladakh after a deadly confrontation in the Pangong lake regions, and both parties gradually increased their deployment by bringing in hundreds of thousands of troops and also heavy equipment.

Following a violent incident in the Galwan Valley on June 15, 2020, tensions rose even higher.

According to Jaishankar, who had been in Melbourne last week, the crisis at the LAC arose as a result of China's disrespect for written commitments in 2020 not to mass military near the border, and that Beijing's activities have become a real source of worry for the whole global community.

In answer to a query throughout a joint news conference alongside his Australian colleague Marise Payne in Melbourne, he remarked that he believes it is a valid cause for worry for the whole global community when a large nation ignores written agreements.

At the MSC, Jaishankar took part in a group conversation on the Indo-Pacific, which was intended at debating the rising tensions between NATO members and Russia over Ukraine.

Payne, the Australian Foreign Minister, Yoshima Hayashi, who is the Japanese Foreign Minister, United States Regional Security Cooperation and Senate Subcommittee on Europe Chairperson Jeanne Shaheen, and French Minister for Foreign Affairs and Europe Jean-Yves Le Drian were among the panellists.

While interviewer Lynn Kuok questioned how India contributes to European safety and likened the Ukraine issue to the position in the Indo-Pacific, Jaishankar stated he doesn't believe the transatlantic and the Indo-Pacific crises are truly parallel.

The premise in their query is that there must be some sort of trade-off, that one nation doing something in the Pacific in exchange for you doing something else, he does not believe that is how foreign diplomacy operates.

In the face of an assertive China stretching its muscles in the area, Jaishankar said they face quite different issues, whether it's here or in the Indo-Pacific. Indeed, if there was a link based on that reasoning, several European nations would have already taken aggressive stances in the Indo-Pacific. That went unnoticed by them. They have not yet seen anything like it since 2009.

Vietnam, Taiwan, Brunei, the Philippines, and Malaysia all claim sections of the controversial South China Sea, while China makes a claim practically all of it. In the South China Sea, Beijing has constructed military outposts and manmade islands.