Russia-Ukraine Crisis And The Role Of NATO: 7 Points

Today marks the 2nd day of Russia's assault of Ukraine, with Volodymyr Zelenskiy, the president of Ukraine claiming that at least 137 people were killed in yesterday's conflict.

What is Russia's motivation for attacking Ukraine? In summary, Russia feels Ukraine is getting nearer to the West through both the European Union and NATO. Although Ukraine is not a Nato member, it has collaborated with the organisation and has indicated its desire to join.

But, Vladimir Putin, the president of Russia is well aware that joining NATO will make it much more difficult for him to retake Luhansk and Donetsk. He has also charged Ukraine with becoming a slave in the power of the West on numerous occasions.

NATO stands for North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

NATO, or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, was founded in 1949 by Canada, the United States, and several western European countries to offer joint protection against the Soviet Union at the time. Its stated goal is to ensure the freedom of member countries through legislative and armed forces methods.

Also Read: Explained: What Prompted Putin's Invasion Of Ukraine, Russia's Global Defiance

What is NATO's position on war and peace from a military and political standpoint?

NATO advances democratic values by allowing members to communicate and collaborate on security and defence matters in terms of problem-solving, establish confidence, and, in the long term, avoid conflict.

NATO is dedicated to peaceful conflict resolution.

It has the armed power to conduct emergency management activities if diplomatic attempts fail. These are done in collaboration with other nations and worldwide organisations.

Who are NATO's most important members?

United States, Belgium, Denmark, Canada, Iceland, France, Luxembourg, Italy, the Netherlands, Portugal, The United Kingdom, and Norway were among the 12 founders in 1949.

NATO now has 30 members.

Turkey, Greece, Spain, Germany, Poland, Hungary, Estonia, Bulgaria, Lithuania, Latvia, Slovenia and Slovakia, Romania, Montenegro, North Macedonia, and Albania and Croatia are all the other members.

What is the state of Ukraine-NATO relations?

Ukraine has announced its desire to join NATO on numerous occasions.

In 2008, Ukraine applied for a North Atlantic Treaty Organisation Membership Action Plan (MAP).

Nevertheless, once pro-Russian figure Viktor Yanukovych was appointed President in 2010, the intentions were shelved. He claimed that he prefers the nation to remain non-aligned.

Following civic upheaval in 2014, Yanukpvych left the nation. His removal provoked a Russian invasion, which resulted in Putin conquering the Crimean peninsula.

After that invasion, Ukraine made rejoining the alliance a major aim once more. Ukraine passed legislation in 2017 to re-establish NATO membership as a major security and foreign policy goal. In 2019, Ukraine's constitution was amended to reflect this change.

NATO told Ukraine in 2008 that it will be granted the chance to join the alliance one day. However, negotiations concerning its membership are still ongoing.

What is Russia's aversion to NATO?

Joining NATO would greatly strengthen Ukraine's defensive capabilities, thus Russia wants assurances that its neighbour would never be permitted to join. Furthermore, Russia opposes NATO and western countries expanding their influence in the region. Putin alleges NATO violated a non-expansion pact, but NATO dismisses his assertions.

What role does NATO play in the Ukraine-Russia crisis?

Even though Ukraine is not a member of NATO, the organisation is a major role in the current war with Russia.

During a speech on Thursday, Joe Biden, the president of the US stated that the forces are heading to Europe to protect NATO friends and ensure that those members in the east, not to battle in Ukraine.

NATO has stated that it stands in support of the people of Ukraine and their administration. Ukraine's territorial integrity and national sovereignty inside globally renowned borders are fully supported by allies. They would continue to offer Ukraine powerful democratic backing, and allies are supplying Ukraine with weapons and financial assistance to enable it to defend itself.