‘Shocking': India Calls The Method Of Analysis Of The Global Hunger Index 2021 "Unscientific."
The Centre released a refutation to the publishers of the Global Hunger Index 2021 on Friday, after the country dropped seven ranks, and currently rank at 101 out of 116. According to the Union Ministry of Women and Child Development, the publisher organisation did not conduct "due diligence" before publishing the report.
The ministry expressed in a statement that the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN) predictions of the percentage of malnourished people did lack "ground reality and facts."
The ministry claimed in a report, that it was shocked to learn that the Global Hunger Report 2021 has dropped off the grade of India on the ground of FAO prediction on the percentage of malnourished people, which is found to be lacking ground facts and reality and also has some significant methodological problems. The publishing institute of the Global Hunger Report, Concern Worldwide and Welt Hunger Hilfe has not performed the evaluation properly before publishing the report, according to the ministry. Furthermore, it referred to FAO's methodology as "unscientific" and declared there was no proper technique to estimate malnourishment.
The ministry made the argument by saying that, FAO's technique is not scientific. According to the ministry, FAO entirely predicated their evaluation on the outcomes of a four-question opinion survey done by Gallup over the phone. During the time frame, there is no science-based technique for measuring malnourishment, including the availability of food grains per capita. The scientific assessment of malnutrition would necessitate weight and height measurements, while the technique used here is relied on a Gallup poll depending on a pure telephonic prediction of the demography. Gallup is an American data analysis and advisory firm that performs opinion polls around the world.
In addition, the ministry questioned the poll's sample size, claiming that people surveyed were not questioned about food assistance received by the Government or other sources. It continued by saying that, the study ignores the Government's enormous attempt to ensure food security for the overall nation during the COVID time, for which credible numbers are available. HT, on the other hand, hasn't even seen or obtained the Gallup poll questionnaire.
The ministry was also shocked by the FAO's 'State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2021' article, which stated that Afghanistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, and Sri Lanka were not negatively affected by the COVID-19 disease outbreak and reduced the percentage of undernourished people over the previous year.
Besides that, the ministry provided a list of 13 pieces of factual information to show that the above-mentioned survey has "completely ignored," certain schemes, and also indicated that the information was in the public domain. Among the projects mentioned in the ministry's comment were the Atma Nirbhar Bharat Scheme (ANBS) and the Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Anna Yojna (PMGKAY). It also released details on the agricultural goods distributed to scheme welfare recipients. The ministry also outlined the financial support given to farmers, farm labourers, as well as other low-income labourers.