The important and much-awaited Chandrayaan 2 moon mission for ISRO was planned to land on the lunar surface around 1:55 am local time on Saturday, as India look forward to creating history by becoming the first-ever nation to reach close to moon's south pole. The best part was that the Vikram, moon lander that got separated from the orbiting mothership has already done two drills to lower its altitude for an ideal touchdown between 1:30 am and 2:30 am on Saturday.
Moreover, the Pragyan, the rover will roll out from moon lander between 5:30 am and 6:30 am, as per the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). So, it is planned that it will carry the research which includes a thorough mapping of the moon's resources and looking for the presence of water by clicking high-resolution images as well.
The space agency's Chairman K Sivan said that Chandrayaan 2 is the "most complex mission undertaken by ISRO". He also added that we are going to land at a place where no one else has gone before and we are confident about the successful landing. He further added that the team is eagerly waiting for the successful and soft launch of Chandrayaan 2. Moreover, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and schoolchildren will look at the historic landing live from the space agency's control room.
Why this mission is important for India?
This launch is historic as the location where the lander Vikram is heading on the moon is little explored till date as most lunar landings are being done in the northern hemisphere and in the equatorial region. The success of the Chandrayaan 2 mission will make India the fourth country to pull off a soft landing on the moon.
The rover Pragyan's and lander Vikram lifespan is of 14 days. Afterward, there will be another 14 days of darkness on the moon, and the temperature will dip to minus 170 degree Celsius. The estimated life span of Chandrayaan 2 orbiter's is one year, but it may keep working longer.
As per ISRO, other nations are also investing to reach the moon's South Pole. The moon's South Pole has not been touched by sunlight for billions of years that offer an undisturbed record of the origin of the solar system. So, permanently be shadowed craters are being assessed and its hold around 100 million tons of water.
The scientists further added that when the Chandrayaan 1 mission was planned, they did not have sufficient resources to make high-tech scientific equipment. Hence, they enquired about others and collaborated for the mission. For Chandrayaan 2, each and everything was developed by ISRO.
ISRO lost the signal before 2 km of the landing
ISRO lost touch with Vikram lander just a few minutes before it was about to land near the south pole of Moon. It was the heartbreaking moment for Isro scientists and it left them visibly distraught. ISRO added that Vikram's performance was entirely fine until the moment they lost contact with the lander. The scientists have started to analyze data that what has happened.
However, Prime Minister Narendra Modi strengthened spirits with his inspiring speech in Bengaluru. All the people of the country and other eminent people have written many things appreciating our scientists. The scientists have confirmed that the satellite will be able to send the images for at least a year.
Mr. Kovind, President of India while addressing a youth summit structured by a charitable organization in New Delhi said that as Swami Vivekananda is an everlasting rode model for youths, in the same way, ISRO Chairman and his team will be India's role model in the field of space.