Farmers, we know form the backbone of the society, they are our food cultivators and providers because of which the crops and foods reach the stores from where the normal human being has a daily access to. Now, stop, and think for a while, what happens when crops growth and productivity go wrong, when farmers suicide due to stress under scarce crop production which then leads to increase in the risk of profit and high cost of life causing a vicious cycle and mental stress. Often they might see the suicide as the only solution for their families. It is estimated that more than a quarter of a million Indian farmers have committed suicide in the last 16 years.
Here in India, the farmers mostly depend upon nature for the cultivation of crops. Rain is very important since irrigation facilities cannot cover the entire land and some regions stay affected due to floods and some do not get a single drop of rain hence being problematic. It is not like the government is trying to aid the farmers with canals and dams, but the problem is in some places these dams and canals are too far away from the requirements. Due to this irregularity in locations, where often they are situated where there is no necessity causes problems in the management of water and adding to the grievances of the farmers.
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These variety of seeds were introduced and modified for the protection of crops from pests and insects, but they are resulting in being highly unproductive, whereas, international reports suggests the real improvement of production if seeds correctly used. These seeds need an correct dosage of water and pesticides. When used incorrectly, production from these seeds fail. They are in general more expensive than the non- GM seeds but their higher costs were supposed to be positively balanced by the lower costs of pesticides. The most negative point about this is that they are not reproducible, and cannot be saved for the next season therefore, farmers have to buy the seeds again for the next year.
Socio - cultural factors
For our country socio- cultural factors are very relevant. Families have to face high expenses mainly related to health care, in particular farmers lack good health care services and have to bear huge costs for hospitalization. Other sources of debts include the expenses for children education and the costs for daughter’s marriage. The expenses incurred to host the ceremony and mainly the dowry that they need to pay to the groom’s family. These issues represent a relevant burden on the family’s resources, as farmers have no other income but agriculture products.
All these causes affect more on the poor farmers than the rich ones. The poor farmers work on daily wages on the farms of others. Their wages are too low. They belong to the class of have- nots, although they are the very backbone of our agriculture. These poor people are hopelessly ignorant. They work in the present but live in the past. Naturally, they believe in all possible types of superstitions. They believe blindly on fate, and due to such ignorance, our farmers seem just like a herd of cattle rather than thinking human beings.